Difference between Node JS and Golang

Difference between Node JS and Golang

Difference between Node JS and Golang

Nowadays, the mobile and web developers have a wide variety of choice are available for choosing the advanced programming languages. The selection of the language does not only depend on front-end developers but the backend developers as well.


Node Js

We are already aware that Node.js is an Open-source and Cross-platform which executes JavaScript code outside of a browser. Typically, JavaScript is mainly used for client-side scripting but Node.js lets developers use JavaScript to write Command Line tools and for server-side scripting. Node.js became a real revolution in web application programming, as it enabled writing both frontend and backend at the same time.



Golang or in short Go is a product of Google and is comparatively young- it was first released in 2007. It is built to create a language which would combine the advantages of other programming languages in hope of achieving better performance. It includes useful characteristics from other languages like Static typing and efficiencies like C++ or Java. And Productivity and ease of use like JavaScript and Python.

Comparison of Node Js and Golang

  1. Performance-Based

Being an interpreted language and base on JavaScript, Node.js turn out to be slower than other compiled languages.Node.js is not able to give the raw performance of CPU or memory-bound tasks that Go does. This is because it is based on C and C++, which are right concerning performance.

However, overall both platform shows equal results.

  1. Level of Maturity

Even though Golang was launched in 2009. It can still be known as adequately mature and robust.

On the other hand, when we compare Node.js, it has a broader audience. which supports the platform excepting the problem lies with the changing API for which the developers may face issues while writing the Node modules.

  1. Consistency

Node.js is single-threaded  uses an event called mechanism. Due to this mechanism, the Node.js lacks behind the Golang.

But it is providing the sync generator support known as the semi-co-routines. On the other side, the Go language makes use of a lightweight thread that is managed by the Go runtime.

  1. Scalability test

Like consistency, the go language can win over Node.js in scalability. As such the Node.js is not regarded as suitable for the big projects due to weaker parallel process.

However, Golang has the advantage due to Goroutines that enable multiple threads to be performed concurrently, with parallel tasks executed simply and safely.

  1. Ease to learn

Nowadays, JavaScript is one of the most common coding languages. If you are familiar with it, it will be no big deal to adapt to using Node.js programming. If you are new in JavaScript, you can leverage JavaScript’s vast community, which is always ready to share its expertise or provide advice.

With Golang, you have to be ready to learn a new language, including co-routines, pointers and other programming concepts that may confuse you at first.

  1. Front-End and Back-End

You should keep in mind that Golang is suitable for Server-side applications, while Node.js is perfect when it comes to client-side development. Therefore, Go is the right decision if you want to create high-performing concurrent services on the back-end and Node.js is your choice for the front-end.

  1. Developer availability

According to the 2017 developer survey by StackOverflow, JavaScript continues to secure the leading position, being chosen by 61.2% of developers. Go showed a slightly worse result -4.3%. However, this means Go is already among the most promising languages of 2018, based on even normal Google surf.

  1. Developer’s Tools

For a long time, Golang was regarded as having a tiny community because it was young widely developed. Now, the situation has changed. Even though Go still fails to keep pace with Node.js support, the languages boast numerous packages and number keeps growing.

With the use of JavaScript, you will have no difficulty in finding the right tool or packages for your project. Today there are more than hundreds of libraries, various tutorials, and multiple platforms are at your disposal.

  1. Blockchain Development

The Blockchain is the buzzword these days with the technology reach to new heights. Many companies are interested in integrating modern technology as it is proximately related to cryptocurrency development.

However, when we talk of implementing the blockchain using Go, it is much more simplified than incorporating with Node.js. So, Golang is highly recommending.

  1. Error Handling

When you deal with errors while using Golang, you have to establish explicit error checking. This can make the process of finding the causes of errors robust. Yet many developers argue that such an approach provides a cleaner application in general.

The Node.js approach with a throwing mechanism is more traditional and many developers are preferred, although there are some problems with consistency at the end.

  In Synopsis

We have seen fierce competition between the two popular backend developments. Node Js and Golang. Both have their Pros and cons and indeed it is a difficult task to choose one. But you can select it according to your specific requirements and go ahead with one project.

From maturity and performance, Golang is proving best while Node.js is ousting it on ease of learning, development tools, and front-end development.


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